Peer-reviewed journals


Popescu M., Rippmann M., Liew A., Reiter L., Flatt R.J., Van Mele T. and Block P. “Structural design, digital fabrication and construction of the cable-net and knitted formwork of the KnitCandela concrete shell”, Structures, 2020. In press


Popescu M., Reiter L., Liew A., Van Mele T., Flatt R.J. and Block P. “Building in concrete with a knitted stay-in-place formwork: Prototype of a concrete shell bridge”, Structures, 14: 322-332, 2018

Peer-reviewed conference proceedings


Scheder-Bieschin L., Spiekermann K., Popescu M., Bodea S., Van Mele T. and Block P. Design-to-fabrication workflow for bending-active gridshells as stay-in-place falsework and reinforcement for ribbed concrete shell structures,Design Modelling Symposium Berlin 2022 – Conference Proceedings,Springer press.


Popescu M., Bouten S., De Wolf C., Van Mele T. and Block P. “Digital fabrication of a knitted fabric formwork of an environmentally responsible concrete shell bridge”, Proceedings of 5th International Conference on Structures and Architecture – ICSA 2022, Aalborg,2022. abstract accepted.


Bouten S., Popescu M., Ranaudo F., Mengeot P., Wyns K., Van Mele T. and Block P. Design of a funicular concrete bridge with knitted formwork”, Proceedings of IABSE Congress 2021, Ghent,2021 (September). accepted for publication.


Popescu M., Rippmann M., Van Mele T. and Block P. “KnitCandela – Challenging the construction, logistics, waste and economy of concrete-shell formworks”, FABRICATE 2020, London, 2020 (April).


Lee M., Mata-Falcon J., Popescu M., Block P., and Kaufmann W. “ Potential Approaches for Reinforcing Complex Concrete Structures with Integrated Flexible Formwork”, Digital Concrete 2nd RILEM International Conference on Concrete and Digital Fabrication, Eindhoven, 2020 (October).


Popescu M., Rippmann M., Van Mele T. and Block P. “Automated generation of knit patterns for non-developable surfaces”, Humanizing Digital Reality – Proceedings of the Design Modelling Symposium 2017, K. De Rycke et al. (editors),: 271-284, Springer, Paris, 2017 (September).


Popescu M., Rippmann M., Van Mele T. and Block P. “Complex Concrete casting: Knitting stay-in-place fabric formwork”, Proceedings of the IASS Symposium, Tokyo 2016 (September).

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Rippmann M., Van Mele T., Popescu M., Augustynowicz E., Méndez Echenagucia T., Calvo Barentin C., Frick U. and Block P. “The Armadillo Vault: Computational design and digital fabrication of a freeform stone shell”, Advances in Architectural Geometry 2016: 344-363, 2016 (September).

Books and chapters


Gengnagel, C., Baverel, O., Betti, G., Popescu, M., Thomsen, M.R. and Wurm, J. eds., 2022. Towards Radical Regeneration: Design Modelling Symposium Berlin 2022. Springer Nature


Popescu M. KnitCrete: Stay-in-place knitted fabric formwork for complex concrete structures”,ETH Zurich, Department of Architecture 2019.


Popescu M. Seven Questions /Mariana Popescu, Studio Jan De Vylder: Seven Questions,Studio Jan De Vylder (editors),Ruby Press,Berlin,2022.


Popescu M., Rippmann M., Van Mele T. and Block P. “KnitCrete: Building in Concrete with a Stay-in-Place Knitted Fabric Formwork”, The Materials Book: Inspired by the 6th LafargeHolcim Foundation Forum, Ruby, I. and Ruby A. (editors), Ruby Press, Berlin, 2019.



Popescu M., Van Mele T., Block P. “Concrete architecture at the intersection of efficient construction and expressive structures”, Domus 1044, 2020.


Popescu M., Rippmann M., Liew A., Van Mele T. and Block P. “Concrete shell built using a cable-net and knitted formwork”, DETAIL structure,1: 10-11.


Anton A., Popescu M, Jipa A. Beton Digital – De la formele virtuale la materializare fizica”, Igloo – Materials and digital fabrication, 191: 145-157.